1 March 2024

PCC raises merger notification thresholds: SOP at P7.8B and SOT at P3.2B

The Philippine Competition Commission (PCC) is increasing the thresholds for transactions that will undergo mandatory merger review.

Starting March 1, 2024, mergers and acquisitions (M&As) that exceed a size of party (SOP) of PhP 7.8 billion and a size of transaction (SOT) of PhP 3.2 billion must be notified to the PCC before they can proceed. The new thresholds are an increase from the SOP and SOT of PhP 7 billion and PhP 2.9 billion, respectively, that were in effect from March 1, 2023 to February 29, 2024.

The PCC adjusts its thresholds for compulsory notification annually based on nominal gross domestic product (GDP) growth to ensure they remain relevant to the evolving economic landscape. In 2023, the Philippines recorded a 10.3 percent nominal GDP growth based on data from the Philippine Statistics Authority.

For a merger or acquisition to be subject to compulsory notification to the PCC, both the SOP and SOT thresholds must be exceeded. SOP pertains to the aggregate value of assets or revenues of the ultimate parent entity of either party involved in the transaction, while SOT refers to the total value of assets or revenues of the acquired entity and all its controlled entities.

The updated thresholds do not affect notifications filed before March 1, 2024, M&As currently under review, or those already reviewed and decided upon by the Commission.

To date, the PCC has reviewed a total of 293 M&A transactions, collectively valued at more than PhP 5.49 trillion, of which 289 were notified to the Commission.

In 2023 alone, the PCC received 24 notifications of M&A transactions worth almost PhP 610 billion, majority of which came from the real estate, electricity and gas, and the information and communication sectors.

The PCC is mandated by the Philippine Competition Act (PCA) to review M&As and prohibit transactions that will substantially lessen competition in the relevant market. Even if a transaction does not breach the thresholds, the PCC’s merger review mandate may be exercised motu proprio, or by its own initiative, if it finds reasonable grounds that the transaction is likely to result in a substantial lessening of competition or has led to such given preliminary indications.


PCC Public Affairs and Research Division